António Costa Pinto

"Salazar's Ministerial Elite, 1933-44"

Portuguese Journal of Social Science


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This article analyses the composition and modes of recruitment of Salazar’s ministerial elite during the ‘fascist era’. The main characteristics of the Estado Novo’s governing elite was that it belonged to a small and exclusive political and bureaucratic class that almost completely dominated the senior ranks of the armed forces, the senior administration, and the universities - within which the legal profession was strongly represented. Salazar’s single party, being kept organizationally weak and dependent, was never an important element in either the political decision-making process or in the selection of the ministerial elite.

Also available in Portuguese: "O Império do Professor. Salazar e a Elite Ministerial do Estado Novo numa perspectiva comparada (1933-1945)", Análise Social, 157, Inverno de 2001, pp. 1055-1076.

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Antonio Costa Pinto   |
Institute of Social Sciences   |   Av. Professor Anibal Betencourt, 9   |   1600-189 Lisbon   |   Portugal