António Costa Pinto, Roger Eatwell & Stein U. Larsen (edited by)

Charisma and Fascism in Interwar Europe

London ,  Routledge

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Fascism remains a topic that fascinates both academic and general audiences. This is the first book to look systematically at the leaders of fascism and related movements in the inter-war era.
This book shows how fascist leaders came to personify their movements and why the Führeprinzip was applied in all fascist organizations. It also explains how fascist leadership was of a very particular kind: It was almost unlimited in political discipline and required complete subordination. The legitimacy was based on a very vague notion of 'the organic unity of the state and the people', giving the leaders competence to rule without accountability to a party organization or state bodies. Thus, we can observe in all fascist parties/movements a practical form of leadership where policies of 'split and rule' were common in absence of principles of representation and opposition feedbacks. The fascist führer was the leader, the party, the ideology - and when in power: the state itself.

Table of Contents


Antonio Costa Pinto

Introduction: New Styles of Dictatorship and Leadership in inter-war Europe

Roger Eatwell

Part 1: Approaching Charisma

Hitler, Charisma and Structure: Reflections on Historical Methodology

Michel Dobry

Part 2: The Leaders

The Concept and Theory of Charismatic Leadership

Roger Eatwell

Mussolini as the Prototypical Charismatic Dictator

Emilio Gentile

The Model of Charismatic Leadership and its Applicability to the Rule of Adolf Hitler

M. Rainer Lepsius

Franco, the Spanish Falange and the Institutionalization of Mission

Stanley G. Payne

‘Chaos’ and ‘Order’: Preto, Salazar and Charismatic Appeal in Interwar Portugal

António Costa Pinto

Charisma and Hybrid Legitimacy in Pétain’s État français (1940-44)

Marc Olivier Baruch

Ante Pavelic, Charisma and National Mission in Wartime Croatia

Ivo Goldstein

Charisma from Below? the Quisling Case in Norway

Stein Larsen

Codreanu, Romanian National Traditions and Charisma

Stephen Fischer-Galati

Conclusion: Fascism, Dictators and Charisma

António Costa Pinto & Stein Larsen


Contact Information

Antonio Costa Pinto   |
Institute of Social Sciences   |   Av. Professor Anibal Betencourt, 9   |   1600-189 Lisbon   |   Portugal