António Costa Pinto & Aristotle Kallis (edited by)

Rethinking Fascism and Dictatorship in Europe

Hampshire ,  Palgrave Macmillan

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Fascism exerted a crucial ideological and political influence across Europe and beyond. Its appeal reached much further than the expanding transnational circle of 'fascists', crossing into the territory of the mainstream, authoritarian, and traditional right. Meanwhile, fascism's seemingly inexorable rise unfolded against the backdrop of a dramatic shift towards dictatorship in large parts of Europe during the 1920s and especially 1930s. These dictatorships shared a growing conviction that 'fascism' was the driving force of a new, post-liberal, fiercely nationalist and anti-communist order. The ten contributions to this volume seek to capture, theoretically and empirically, the complex transnational dynamic between interwar dictatorships. This dynamic, involving diffusion of ideas and practices, cross-fertilisation, and reflexive adaptation, muddied the boundaries between 'fascist' and 'authoritarian' constituencies of the interwar European right.

Table of Contents


1. The 'Fascist Effect': On the Dynamics of Political Hybridisation in Interwar Europe

Aristotle Kallis

2. Fascism and the Framework for Interactive Political Innovation During the Era of the Two World Wars

David Roberts

3. The Nature of 'Generic Fascism': Complexity and Reflexive Hybridity

Roger Eatwell

4. Fascism, Corporatism and the Crafting of Authoritarian Institutions in Interwar European Dictatorships

António Costa Pinto


5. The Coming of the Dollfuss/Schuschnigg Regime and the Stages of its Development

Gerhard Botz

6. Salazar's 'New State'. The Paradoxes of Hybridization in the Fascist Era

Goffredo Adinolfi and António Costa Pinto

7. State and Regime in Early Francoism (1936-45): Power Structures, Main Actors and Repression Policy

Miguel Jerez Mir and Javier Luque

8. Stages in the Development of the 'Fourth of August' Regime in Greece

Mogens Pelt

9. External Influences on the Evolution of Hungarian Authoritarianism, 1920- 1944

Jason Winterberg

10. A Continuum of Dictatorships: Hybrid Totalitarian Experiments in Romania, 1937-1944

Constantin Iordachi


Embracing Complexity and Transnational Dynamics: The Diffusion of Fascism and the Hybridization of Dictatorships in Interwar Europe

Contact Information

Antonio Costa Pinto   |
Institute of Social Sciences   |   Av. Professor Anibal Betencourt, 9   |   1600-189 Lisbon   |   Portugal